- Cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines imply the use of epinephrine/adrenaline during cardiopulmonary arrest. However, in cardiac arrest situations resulting from coronary artery spasm (CAS), the use of epinephrine/adrenaline could be deleterious.
- We report a 32-year-old man with herpes simplex virus encephalitis who developed massive pulmonary thromboembolism with mobile right atrial thrombi during treatment for this condition. It was not safe to use thrombolytic therapy because of the high risk of cerebral bleeding associated with encephalitis. The patient was initially treated at another center, but his condition deteriorated during nadroparin therapy and he was referred to our hospital. Nadroparin was discontinued, and a continuous infusion of unfractionated heparin was administered through a central venous catheter.
- Abciximab, a platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor blocker, is a well-known agent in percutaneous coronary intervention because of its antiplatelet, antithrombotic effects, which allow for good outcome. Major bleeding is a well-recognized complication of abciximab therapy, and pulmonary hemorrhage, although infrequent, is a serious, under-recognized, and often fatal complication. We describe a case of fatal pulmonary hemorrhage in a young woman who presented with acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock and was treated with abciximab in conjunction with percutaneous coronary intervention.